Telephone Number:- 02380 864 228 Calmore Infant School Calmore Drive  Calmore, Totton SO40 - 2ZZ AT CALMORE Registered Charity Number:- 1062510
© Caterpillars Pre-school 2018
Physical Handling Policy
All staff at Caterpillars Pre-school aim to help children take responsibility for their own behaviour. This will be done by a combination of approaches which include: Positive role modelling Planning a range of interesting and challenging activities Setting and enforcing appropriate boundaries and expectations Providing positive feedback However there may be times when a child’s behaviour presents particular challenges that may require physical handling. There are three types of physical handling: Positive Handling – The positive use of touch is a normal part of human interaction, and would be appropriate when: Giving guidance to children [holding a pencil, support when climbing] Providing emotional support [comforting when distressed] Physical care [first aid or toileting] There are some children for who any touch may not be appropriate due to their culture or any history of abuse.  All staff would be made aware in this situation. Physical Intervention – This can include the use of high chairs, stair gates or locked doors. Appropriate ways of ensuring a child’s safety. Restrictive Physical Intervention – This is when a member of staff needs to use physical force to restrict a child’s movement against his/her will. This will only be by the use of the adult’s body, rather than mechanical or environmental methods. Principles for the use of restrictive physical intervention Firstly:  we aim to do all we can to avoid using restrictive physical intervention, and it will only be used in extreme cases when: Someone is injuring themselves Someone is injuring others Someone is damaging property Or any of the above is about to happen Secondly:  it will only be used when staff believe it is in the child’s best interests. Thirdly:  We have a ‘duty of care’ towards the children in our setting, the care and safety of all children is paramount.  When children are in danger of hurting themselves or others, leaving the site, or causing damage to property, staff have a responsibility to intervene. Generally, ‘Stop’ would be sufficient, or diversion to another activity may be enough.  However staff may use restrictive physical intervention if necessary. Fourthly:  Staff must only use an amount of force in proportion to the circumstances, using as little amount of force as necessary to maintain safety.  It will never be used in anger, or as a punishment, but staff will do their best within their duty of care. In an emergency any staff member can be involved in restrictive physical intervention, but it should generally be the child’s key person, or an adult that the child is familiar with. Using restrictive physical intervention Staff should: Aim for side-by-side contact. Avoid putting themselves in front of child to prevent the risk of being kicked. Aim for no gap between adult and child’s body, to minimise the risk of impact and damage. Aim to keep adult’s back as straight as possible. Be aware of child’s head position, to avoid ‘head butts’ from child. Only hold child by ‘long bones’, avoiding joints where you could cause them damage. Ensure there is no restriction to child’s ability to breathe. This includes holding them around the chest or stomach. Avoid lifting child. All incidents of Restrictive Physical Intervention will be recorded on ‘Restrictive Physical Intervention’ forms, and shared with parents. A risk assessment will be used to help write the individual behaviour plan that will be developed to support the child. When it is known that a child’s behaviour is likely to require some form of restrictive physical intervention, the child’s parents will be involved, and help will be sought from Area Inco and any other agencies who may be able to offer strategies and/or support. Any plans made will be recorded and signed by parents to show confirmation of their knowledge of a planned approach.  These plans will be reviewed regularly, to monitor progress and see if changes need to be made. It is distressing to be involved in a restrictive physical intervention, for the child, the adult and witnesses.  Support will be given to the child to help them understand why they were restrained.  Staff will be given the opportunity to talk through what has happened with setting Senco or the Manager. References to other relevant policies: Safeguarding Children & Child Protection, Confidentiality & Client Access to records, Information Sharing, Valuing Diversity & Promoting Equality , Achieving Positive Behaviour, The Role of the Key Person, Children’s Records Policy Monitoring and Evaluation Information This policy will be monitored and evaluated as per our rolling programme at staff meetings. It will be reviewed annually by the Chairperson in conjunction with the staff team and Committee unless new legislation or an incident occurs which requires an immediate review of the policy    This policy was adopted on: July 2017